An Information portal with Shopping, People, Places & Interesting Facts

Home

About Us

A
Art/Decor
Vintage Maps

B
Baby Items
Bonsai
Books
Boots Women

C
Cactus
Calendars
Coffee
Company Index
Curtains

D
Desserts
Dresses

E
Email services

F
Fashion Accessories

G
Game of Thrones
Games
Golf

H
Handbags
Harry Potter
Hats Women's

Health
Food Intolerance

J
Jewelry

K
Kids Clothing
Kids Shoes

M
Makeup
Maps
Movies
Mugs

O
Organic Produce

P
People
Pets
Printer Ink

Q
Q&A

R
Rugs

S
Scarves Women
Socks Men
Shoes Women
Shoes Men
Software
Sunglasses

T
Tea
Toddler
Tumblers

U
Umbrellas

W
Wallets
Watches Men's
Watches Women's
Web Hosting
Web Themes
World Cup

 

Madagascar

Madagascar officially the Republic of Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres (250 miles) off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

The archaeological evidence of the earliest human foraging on Madagascar may date up to 10,000 years ago. Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy ended in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed republics. Since 1992, the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo.

However, in a popular uprising in 2009, president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014, when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election deemed fair and transparent by the international community. Madagascar is a member of the United Nations, the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

Madagascar belongs to the group of least developed countries, according to the United Nations. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs, Christianity, or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health, and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana, these investments produced substantial economic growth, but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2017, the economy has been weakened by the 2009–2013 political crisis, and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.


Photos of Madagascar

Beach House, Madagascar
Beach House, Madagascar

Ring Tailed Lemur, Madagascar
Ring Tailed Lemur, Madagascar

Canoe on Beach, Madagascar
Canoe on Beach, Madagascar

Chameleon, Madagascar
Chameleon, Madagascar

Red-bellied Lemur, Madagascar
Red-bellied Lemur, Madagascar


 

Send a Gift Basket to over 140 countries Worldwide 

 

Get Listed
Click Here
For Details

Countries

Australia

USA

Canada

UK

France

Italy

Germany


China

Japan

Russia

All Countries
Listed